In law, a judgment is a decision of a court regarding the rights and liabilities of parties in a legal action or proceeding. Judgments also generally provide the court’s explanation of why it has chosen to make a particular court order.
The final decision known as judgment is administered by the Judge or Magistrate by considering the facts presented to them by both parties i.e., prosecution side and the defense counsel and they also apply their knowledge of the relevant law.
The accused will be told if he/she is found to be guilty or not guilty of the alleged crime. The accused has the right to be present at the time of the judgment. If found guilty, there will be a punishment, known as sentencing (convicted). If found not guilty, then the person in question is freed of the charges and can go home (acquitted).